English 2327 Dr. Mizell
Review Sheet 1 for Early American Literature from the Native Americans, Explorers, Pilgrims, and Puritans
Review for American Authors
1. Native Americans Iroquois Creation Story (David Cusick)
Pima Stories of the Beginning for the World (Thin Leather and J.W. Lloyd)
The Story of the Creation
The Story of the Flood
2. Christopher Columbus
Letter to Luis de Santangel Regarding the First Voyage
Letter to Ferdinand and Isabella Regarding the Fourth Voyage
3. Cabeza de Vaca
The Relation of Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca (Dedication, The Malhado Way of Life, Customs of that Region)
4. William Bradford
Of Plymouth Plantation
5. John Winthrop
A Model of Christian Charity
6. The Bay Psalm Book (Stephen Day, printer)
7. Roger Williams
A Key into the Language of America
From The Bloody Tenet of Persecution
8. Anne Bradstreet
The Flesh and the Spirit
The Author to Her Book
Before the Birth of One of Her Children
To My Dear and Loving Husband
Here Follows Some Verses upon the Burning of Our House
9. Mary Rowlandson
A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson
10. Edward Taylor
Preparatory Meditations (8, 22, 38)
11. Samuel Sewall
The Diary of Samuel Sewall
The Selling of Joseph
12. Cotton Mather
The Wonders of the Invisible World
Bonafacious: Essays to Do Good
13. Sarah Kemble Knight
The Private Journal of a Journey from Boston to New York
14. William Byrd
The Secret Diary of William Byrd of Westover
15. Jonathan Edwards
On Sarah Pierpont
Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God (His mercy triumphs over His wrath)
A Divine and Supernatural Light
Review Questions on the Content of the Works and the Intellectual concepts.
1. What work did John Winthrop write, what did he mean by “a city set upon a hill,” what he his community of Puritans desire in relationship to the Church of England, and what were the key principles he advocated in relationship to the community?
2. What work did William Bradford write, what was the significance of the Mayflower Compact, what did the first Thanksgiving celebrate after they had lost half of their community, and what relationship did the Separatists desire with the Church of England?
3. What were the underlying principles of the Pilgrims’ treaty with the Native Americans?
4. In Anne Bradstreet poem “The Flesh and the Spirit” she says the dichotomy represented by two __________. Why was she called “The Tenth Muse Lately Spring Up in America and why did she say her lines were urchins with no mother or father?
5. What did Roger Williams write and what two principles did he stand for when he went to Rhode Island?
6. Why did Edward Taylor write Preparatory Meditations? Give an example of a metaphysical conceit (extended metaphor) that he used in one of his poems, such as heaven’s sugar cake or a spinning wheel.
7. What confession did Samuel Sewall make in one of his entries in his 57 year Diary?
8. Of these three works by Cotton Mather, Bonafacius: Essays to Do Good, Wonders of the Invisible World and Magnalia Christi Americana, which one told about the evidence he gathered for his friends the magistrates to tell what happened in the Salem Witch Trials? Who testified against Martha Carrier, among others? What did Mather mean by “doing good”?
9. The following documents had one thing in common. What was it?
The Selling of Joseph (Sewall), To Sir Toby (Freneau), and John Wolman’s Diary (about the signing of a bill of sale)?
10. In his Secret Diary, William Byrd told of his quarrels with his wife, the whipping of his slave, and his morning routine which included what?
11. William Byrd also wrote The History of the Dividing Line in which he mapped the line between North Carolina and what state? (He was from there).
12. According to David Cusack’s translation, the Iroquois creation story tells of the creation of the world on the back of what animal?
13. The Pima creations story tells that the creation was made out of nothing, that brothers fought, and that the earth was destroyed –all like the Judeo-Christian story—but it also tells of stars being made out of what crushed jewel?
14. Christopher Columbus marveled at the fruits and birds when he arrived in Espanola, according to what document that he wrote?
15. What book provided songs for the Puritans to sing?
16. What book was used to teach children the alphabet, the consonants and vowels, and life and religious principles?
17. What was the Puritan value that considered all that people do “work unto the Lord”?
18. Why did the Puritans emphasize learning to read so much? What did they want them to be able to read for themselves? (same answer)
19. The Puritans notion of the relationship between God and man was called “covenant theology” because it considered that man was in a relationship with God agreeing to ____ his laws and in so doing he would be blessed.
20. The view of history that sees man as having basically the same nature no matter the time or period is called the ____________view of history.
21. What was the document called that allowed children of those who had been baptized to have church membership?
22. Mary Rowlandson survived ________by relying on her faith and learned to accept small difficulties.
23. The political structure that considered that the ruler was representing God’s authority was called what? ______ocracy
24. The genre (kind of literature) that captured self-examination, planting and harvesting, and customs was called a ________.
Link to Puritanism's Attitudes toward Life, Contributions to America, and Tenets